The production, manufacturing, and processing of food is a time-consuming process and involves different aspects including manpower, machines, supply chains, etc. As for now, the 21st-century world has been dealing with unprecedented situations.
COVID-19 FOOD SHORTAGE:
COVID-19 breakout has affected the food processing sectors, people have been limited to their homes, and joblessness curves around the world are at their peaks. These factors have already affected many industries and sectors.
The food industry is the primary victim of the crisis. The world is bearing the first wave of pandemic and we have already seen the inventory of certain foods at our grocery store running out of items.
Now there is an issue of unprecedented food demand from the retail sector. If the situation cannot be effectively controlled, it may cause a serious world food crisis and directly threaten food security for the whole world.
IMMEDIATE SOLUTION OF FOOD CRISIS:
Considering all these factors, what is it that we can do to effectively survive the possible second wave food crisis, according to my analysis which is imminent. The best answer to this question is we must think and act fast to leave this concrete world and get back to nature.
It is not possible for every one of us to leave the city life. And, there are many ways we could be close to nature again. Grow our food maybe on our backyards, rooftops, or even inside our garage. Here are a few tips for having self-sufficient food.
The best thing to have in your home right now is the kitchen garden. It doesn’t always have to be a very large garden. You can utilize the maximum space of your home to raise a garden which includes anything edible, vegetables, mushrooms, salads, microgreens, etc.
I have shared an article regarding small space gardening ideas. You might want to have a look at it. https://www.homesoils.com/10-ideas-for-small-space-gardening/
Here is a list of some green food that could be easily grown in your home garden.
You can grow rosemary, basil, thyme, oregano in your kitchen garden. They require less space and are a good food source.
• Edible Flowers:
In this category of flowers, they have edible blossoms, and their buds and tender shoots can also be cooked. And they include pansies, borage, violas, nasturtiums, and calendula.
• Vining Plants:
Peas, tomatoes, squash, smaller cherry tomatoes, Scarlet runner beans are good foods to eat. Moreover, You can grow any variety of vine-type bean and grapes.
• Perennial Vegetables:
Some vegetables are perennial, once planted they keep reproducing each year. Those include asparagus, rhubarb, and Jerusalem artichoke.
Salad green such as Lettuce, radishes, spinach, magenta spreen, Tokyo bekana, etc.
• Fruit and Nut Trees:
Fruit and nut trees such as apples, peaches, and pears are good sources. You can also grow papaws, medlars, and serviceberries.
Well grown strawberries in a sunny spot can give you fruit for years.
• Fruit-Bearing Shrubs:
Fruit-bearing varieties such as gooseberries, blueberries, currants, or bush cherries are good options.
Moving on to our next source of food, we might have to consider any possible and easy meat and protein sources. Here I will share a few ideas and some animals and birds which are easy to be kept and they can meet your yearly requirements of meat.
Raising chicken doesn’t need a very large space and they are a good egg and meat source. You can start with an estimate of one hen per person this will give you one egg for one family member. Later you can reproduce them for meat requirement.
Although this bird seems a smaller one but it is a very good source of meat and eggs. The benefit of this bird is that it requires very little space and it grows very rapidly. You can have a well-nurtured bird within 12 to 14 weeks
• Other birds:
many other birds could be utilized as food those include turkeys, ducks, peacock, pigeons, etc. depending upon your interest and space.
Goats provide milk and meat. They also don’t require a large space to be raised. Just for your information, 2 to 4 goats are sufficient for a small family, for a whole long year.
If raised in small cages and handled appropriately rabbits can also be an efficient meat source. They reproduce large in numbers so there is no chance of meat supply cutout if you are raising these in your home. Within 12 to 18 weeks a rabbit is ready to be harvested. They reproduce in large numbers every single month.
• Other larger animals:
You can go for these animals like cows; buffalos etc. if you can manage them, have enough space, time and energy.
• Honey bees:
Ever thought about raising honey bees? This isn’t something that you can never do. Raising bees with care and basic knowledge you can have a very decent amount of honey for the whole year.
If you are already homesteading, you are exactly in the right spot. I don’t have to tell you what to do. You know the best to keep going. But if you are not, you need to think about it seriously. This is the best living lifestyle and you never depend on the outside world especially when it comes to your food. The perfect solution for the COVID-19 problem, isolated life no infection risk, and no food shortage problem as you have it all on your piece of land.
Now let’s talk about those which are my least favorite methods to obtain food for a complete year, which is about processing and preserving food. The reason is that fresh is way better than preserved food and in preserving the food we lose a certain amount of food’s nutritional value. This also involves the risk of food getting contaminated if there remains any small error or mistake while you process our food. But, when it comes to survival, anything that is edible is acceptable and it’s better to have some nutritional value food than to have none.
Here are some techniques for food preservation. These can help you to have your food stored for a longer time.
If you store your food, properly packed in airtight containers or bags, at suitable temperatures, you can have an ever-ready source of food whenever you want to consume. Normally with the help of this technique food can be stored for larger enough times. But I would recommend using this food within a year, if not months.
In this technique, food is preserved by putting it in a salty, acidic, or sugary solution and storing it into containers or jars after removing oxygen from containers. The basic need for this technique is to kill all the bacteria present in food, which gives your food a longer life to remain edible.
This technique is about removing water from fresh food. This helps in the prevention of bacterial growth and food can be stored for a longer period of time .
• Sugaring or Salting:
Both of these techniques are very much similar as both use either salt or sugar to prevent bacteria growth. One thing to keep in mind is that excess of both sugar and salt is harmful to health so very appropriate amounts of these should be used and according to the standard procedure.
I hope this article will help you to think and act seriously about your future food requirements and you would start growing and raising your own fresh and full of nutritional food.