Tomato plants are easily grown in pots, but before starting to plant tomatoes in a pot or container, don’t forget to take some essential steps to make your pot gardening perfect and healthy.
Just a little bit of information will help you plant tomatoes in a pot and extract a greater yield of tomatoes from your little garden. So are you worrying about how to plant tomatoes and which soil should be used? Keep following this blog.
The best soil for tomato plants
You can grow tomatoes in most types of soil, except heavily compacted soil. The flavors of tomatoes largely vary on the kind of soil you have used when planting your plant.
So, if you want a flavorful tomato, you have to choose the right kind of soil. When selecting soil, the PH and nutrient content of the soil is also very important. You can plant tomatoes by placing them in reasonable soil, tending to them daily, and watering them regularly to stabilize the soil.
Steps to follow while planting tomatoes
The following are some important steps you should follow before planting your tomato plant.
Selection of location
While selecting a location for your plant to grow in your garden, choose the best one.
Choose a location where your plant gets enough sunlight. Enough sunlight will allow your plant to grow well and, as a result, to produce well.
Don’t place your plant near any shady thing, like next to a building or near a tree. Because the shade of these will block the sunlight for parts of the day.
Select an area or a place that has good drainage. It will prevent clogging and also slow drains.
Dig up the dirt
Dig up the dirt enough by using a tiller or a planter. Dig the soil properly and remove all the undesirable things like grass, plant remains, and root systems from the crown of the soil. Digging should be done on dry ground.
Remove extra rocks
Use a stick to drag through the dirt and remove all the debris from the place of planting, like broken roots and small stones. Remove as many as you can.
Break all the clumps
By using your hand, break all the clumps to soften the dirt. Use a rake to break up all the larger or tougher clumps.
Adjusting the pH and checking the nutrients of the soil
Soil pH and nutrient-rich matter are important for the better growth of plants, so take special care of them while planting.
Test your soil to check the pH level and to find its nutrients. You can check the pH level easily by using any pH meter. Different plants struggle with pH values.
What is the best pH for Tomatoes?
Your tomato plant grows best in slightly acidic soil, having a pH level between 6.1 and 6.8.
If the pH of your soil is below the above-mentioned, then mix the soil with crushed eggshells. It will help maintain the pH of your soil.
And if the pH is above the abovementioned value, then mix an equal part of water and cold coffee and spread it on the soil to make it more acidic.
Nutrients For Tomato Plant
Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are the necessary nutrients for tomato plants. But too much of one nutrient from these can have a bad effect on your plant.
If you have a low amount of nitrogen, then combine the nitrogen source with the upper layer of soil and compost using a shovel. You can also add synthetic fertilizers.
Ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulfate are the best options.
Tip: No matter what kind of fertilizer you are using to enhance the growth and yield of your plants, always place it on the top layer of soil. They mix well with the compost so that the plant can start to absorb them as you plant them.
When can we add fertilizer to Tomato plants?
When your tomato plant starts producing tomatoes, you can add fertilizer to give the plant a continuous supply of nutrients. This will produce healthy and juicy tomatoes.
Can we use bone meal as fertilizer?
Bone meal is good for plants as it is a source of phosphorus and calcium, and these two are essential to plant nutrients. It will also help to strengthen the stem.
Don’t forget to add compost, even if it is used in a smaller amount but it will help your soil to hold water and prevent the root system from drying. Cover the soil with a one-inch layer of compost and then mix it well into the soil.
How much soil do you need for planting tomatoes in pots?
At least you should fill a 5 to 6-gallon pot with soil. You can also use a 10-gallon pot and then fill it with soil. A larger container or pot is favorable for growing tomatoes.
Which soil is best?
Loose soil is best for growing tomato plants because it holds water and prevents plants from drying.
How to plant tomatoes
Following are some steps, You have to follow to plant tomatoes.
Cover the soil
Before sowing seed or your plant into the soil, cover the soil for almost two weeks. It will heat the soil temperature and absorb shocks. So when we put the plant into the soil there is less shock to the plant. Use black plastic to cover the soil. It can absorb more heat and warm up your soil.
Tip: put a stone on the cover of black plastic with rocks or bricks. It will help plastic to stay in place.
Add Space in rows
There should be enough space around each plant. It helps in watering the plant properly. You can easily pull out any weed that grows around your plant. Every row of plants should be 51 inches apart from each other so you can easily harvest, water, and weed it.
Bury the plant deep down into the soil. Dig a deep hole in the soil and place the plant downward. Cover up the stem, only about ⅓ of your plant remains exposed out of the soil
Stake for support
Place a stake or tomato cage into the soil which will give support to your plant.
It will keep them from falling and work as a support system.
Don’t need to tie the small plant with stakes. Once your plant gets larger height then you can tie your plant with a stake using a rope.
When you have finished planting all your tomato plants into the desirable and well-established soil, start watering the plant immediately. Water the entire plant using the watering can avoid oversaturation and only soak the upper layer.
How to harvest tomato plants?
Wait till your tomatoes fully ripen, because fully ripe tomatoes are more flavored and juicy. When you find purely red tomatoes, pick them up because it’s an indication that your plant is ready now.
Usage and storage of Tomatoes
Tomatoes should be stored at room temperature and eaten quickly to enjoy their best taste and flavor You can also store them in the refrigerator, but they will lose some of their taste and flavor
I hope this blog helped you pick the right soil and fertilizers for your tomato plant and you will enjoy this adventure in planting techniques