Black Raspberries are one of the most delicious and nutrient-rich fruit you have ever tasted. Normally you would find this fruit randomly in some wild area or nearby some water stream, good news is that you can grow this variety easily in your own backyard garden.
Enjoying the freshly picked berries have no match. Moreover, These juicy berries are also perfect to make different edibles like cakes, jams, and ice creams.
Blackberries are one of the 200 known varieties of raspberries that can be grown very easily and you can expect the fruit for many years to come. Black raspberries produce fruit in the autumn season.
When growing black raspberries, the normal practice is to buy a smaller plant and start it in your home garden, this is the most productive way. But you can also start the new plant from the cuttings of a healthy and disease-free raspberry plant.
We shall now be looking at how to grow black raspberries from cuttings in your backyard garden.
HOW TO GROW RASPBERRY PLANT
Raspberries can be grown in several ways, the best and the most recommended is to start with a dormant plant that is at least a year old. The benefit of growing it this way is that it can be grown easily with a low risk of it getting attacked by some disease.
It is recommended not to start the raspberry plant in the soil where potatoes, tomatoes, or eggplants were cultivated. Because this increases the risk of fungal disease associated with such plants. This fungal disease remains in the soil for many years and this can cause severe damage to the plant.
In this article, we have to take a look at the other method of growing raspberry plants, especially the black raspberry.
GROWING RASPBERRIES FROM CUTTINGS
Different varieties like red, purple, and black raspberries can be grown easily from the cuttings. You need to follow a few steps before starting the plant.
Usually, a few ways are used to propagate the plant from cuttings. You can either use root cutting or stem cuttings. Another very popularly known technique is tip layering. Tip layering is the most effective way of growing black raspberries from the cuttings.
This is the most effective way to start black raspberries. In this technique the stem is taken from a disease-free plant, it remains attached to its parent plant and the tip of the stem is buried in the soil.
This way the stem develops its own root system and afterward it can be removed from the parent plant to let it grow on its own.
As the name indicates, you can take the stem from a healthy and disease-free plant to propagate the new plant. Find a healthy plant and look for a stalk that is both green and wood in color.
Cut this stem with a sharp knife. The stem must have at least a couple of nodes on it. Then plant it in the soil
Another way of starting the raspberry plant is to start with root cuttings which are different from stem cutting. The name indicates that these cuttings are to be obtained from the roots of the plant.
Find a disease-free dormant raspberry plant and dig the raspberry bed. Go down until you see the roots of the plant and look for the root that is at least 5 to 7 millimeters. Cut a few different samples and then start the plant.
HOW TO GET RASPBERRY CUTTINGS
Now we shall look in detail at every technique that can be used to grow black raspberries from cuttings.
HOW TO START BLACK RABSPERRY FROM TIP LAYERING
Follow the under-given steps
- Choose a primocane. Primocane is the part of the plant that was grown in the first year of its growth.
- The best time to start tip layering is later summer or early fall season.
- Choose a stem that is long enough to touch the bottom.
- Dig a hole that is 3 to 4 inches deep.
- Put the head of the selected stem in the soil and cover it with the soil.
- Water the stem and keep the soil well-watered. Do not over-access it.
- This stem will start to develop roots.
- In the winter season, you can prune the stem.
- Keep the length of the stem at least 1 foot.
- Now you can also transplant this new plant to the desired location.
- Keep watering the plant.
HOW TO GET ROOT CUTTINGS FOR RASPBERRY PLANT
Firstly, look out for a dormant plant that is about one year old. After getting satisfied that the plant is disease-free, start digging in the garden bed to find the best root to start a new plant.
WHEN TO TAKE ROOT CUTTINGS
The best time to take root cutting is from November to February.
WHAT SHOULD BE THE SIZE OF THE ROOT CUTTING
You have to find a root that’s about a thickness of 5 to 7 millimeters. Because this would ensure proper growth. Now take a pruner and the next step is to cut the right-sized root in the correct manner.
The size of the roo cutting should be 3 to 4 inches long.
HOW TO CUT THE ROOT CUTTINGS
Take a pruner and cut the selected root close to the end which is attached to its parent plant. It should be cut diagonally.
PREPARE THE BED FOR PLATNIG THE CUTTINGS
Now that you have obtained the required roots, it’s time to plant them. You can mix some potting soil with vermiculite. Dig a few holes according to the number of root cuttings you want to plant.
The root cuttings should be buried at least 3 inches in depth.
PLANTING IN THE CONTAINER
It’s important to start the plant in containers. Because you can move it anywhere according to the requirement. Place them under some shady place as the direct sunlight can damage the plant.
After all the steps have been taken, make sure the water needs of the plant are fulfilled. Keep the soil moist all the time and watch out for extreme cold weather. Water the plant less often is extremely cold.
TRANSPLANT TO THE GARDEN SOIL
After about 4 weeks have passed, it’s time to shift them to their main place. At this time the shoots would have appeared in the soil. Transplant them into the soil and add some fertilizer to them.
HOW TO GET STEM CUTTINGS FOR RASPBERRY PLANT
This is the other technique to get the cutting for propagating the raspberry plant. Find a raspberry plant and look for a stem that is semi-green and semi-wooden. The stem should have at least two nodes on it.
WHEN TO TAKE STEM CUTTINGS
After the spring season has passed, the plant has gone through the phase of nice growth. The best time to take stem cutting is from July to August. Take the stem in the early morning.
WHAT SHOULD BE THE SIZE OF THE STEM CUTTING
The stem that you have selected should be 3 to 6 inches long.
HOW TO CUT THE STEM CUTTINGS
The stem should have two nodes and the lower node should have at least a 1-inch long stem under it. It should also be having a few leaves on it.
PREPARE THE BED FOR PLATNIG THE CUTTINGS
A good mixture should have potting soil and vermiculite. A mixture of loam can also be added to prepare the soil.
PLANTING IN THE PLANTER TRAYS
Before planting them in the main location, it is advised to start with planter trays. Put the soil in the tray and bury the stem in it. The leaves should remain above the soil.
Place them under shade.
Water the plant and do not let the soil get soggy. It should remain moist. The soil should hold the water. You can use plastic sheets and wrap the tray in them for keeping the water level that is required. The soil should not get dry.
TRANSPLANT TO THE GARDEN SOIL
After a few weeks, the roots would start to grow out from the tray holes. Now you can transplant them into a bigger container or you can transplant them into the final location. The best time to plant it outside in the garden is in the spring season.
GROWING RASPBERRY FROM SUCKERS
This is another technique used to grow raspberry plants. To start the raspberry using this technique, follow these steps
- First of all, locate the raspberry shoots that grow near the main plant.
- Usually, these shoots are removed by the gardeners, but these little things have the complete energy to start a new plant.
- You should select the ones that are healthy and fresh-looking.
- Disconnect the sucker plant from the parent plant.
- Get the sucker out of the garden bed by using a shovel.
- Try not to damage the roots of the plant.
- Dig a hole in your desired location
- Burry the sucker in the soil.
- Keep watering the plant until you get the harvest and enjoy the juicy and tasty raspberries.
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